- Drake, Sir Francis
- (1540?-96)According to West Country folklore, Drake was a *wizard - a notion possibly taken from the Spaniards, who believed in all seriousness that the Devil helped Drake in battle. The fact that his surname means 'dragon' added to his prestige. In the 1830s Devon people said he could turn chips of wood into fireships, draw a river from Dartmoor to Plymouth, and fire a cannonball straight through the earth from the Antipodes, to warn his wife that he was still alive and she must not remarry. This cannonball is still displayed at Combe Sydenham Hall; it is said always to return if shifted, and to roll about at times of national danger. Other tales are that he once built a barn with the Devil's help, and that his ghost drives a hearse on stormy nights, drawn by headless horses and followed by headless hounds.The most famous Drake legend is a modern one concerning his drum, kept at Buckland Abbey. A rousing poem written by Henry Newbolt in 1895 and set to music in 1904 by C. V. Stanford, says that when Drake lay dying he ordered that his drum should be taken home to England, and promised that if it were struck when invasion was threatened, he would return to drive off the enemy. There is nothing to show that this 'tradition' existed before Newbolt wrote. In 1916 another poet, Alfred Noyes, added a further marvel: that the drum need not be struck by human hand, for it sounded of its own accord. This legend was exploited as patriotic propaganda in both world wars, and it is claimed that drum-beats have indeed been heard, for example at the evacuation of Dunkirk.■ Hunt, 1865: 230; Bray, 1836: ii. 170-3; both are summarized in Briggs, 1970-1: B. i. 138-9; ii. 38-9. For the drum, see E. M. R. Ditmas, Folklore 85 (1974), 244-53.
A Dictionary of English folklore. Jacqueline Simpson & Steve Roud. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Drake,Sir Francis — Drake (drāk), Sir Francis. 1540? 1596. English naval hero and explorer who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world (1577 1580) and was vice admiral of the fleet that destroyed the Spanish Armada (1588). * * * … Universalium
Drake, Sir Francis — born с 1540–43, Devonshire, Eng. died Jan. 28, 1596, at sea, off Puerto Bello, Panama English admiral, the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. Son of a tenant farmer, he went to sea at age 13 to escape his family s poverty. He gained a… … Universalium
Drake, sir Francis — ► (1543 96) Navegante y corsario inglés. Sirvió a la política antiespañola de Isabel I Tudor. Dio la segunda vuelta alrededor del mundo (1577 81) y tomó parte en la derrota de la Armada Invencible. * * * ( 1540/43, Devonshire, Inglaterra–28 ene.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Drake, Sir Francis — (1540? 1596) Sailed from Plymouth for the River Plate, 1577; passed through the Straits of Magellan, 1578; plundered Valparaiso, 1579, and explored the western coast of North America the same year; returned to England, 1580, by way of the Cape … The makers of Canada
DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS — a great English seaman of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, born near Tavistock, in Devon; served in the Royal Navy under his relative, Sir John Hawkins, and distinguished himself with signal success by his valour and daring against the pride of… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Sir Francis Drake — Sir Francis Drake, Porträt eines unbekannten Künstlers, nach 1580. National Portrait Gallery (London) Sir Francis Drake (* um 1540; † 28. Januar 1596) war ein englischer Freibeuter, Entdecker und Vizeadmiral und der erste englische Weltumsegler … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sir francis drake, le corsaire de la reine — Titre original Sir Francis Drake The Adventures of Sir Francis Drake Genre Série historique Créateur(s) Anthony Bushell Pays d’origine Roya … Wikipédia en Français
Sir Francis Drake High School — Drake High School redirects here. For the former high school in Auburn, Alabama, see J. F. Drake High School. Coordinates: 37°59′01″N 122°34′19″W / 37.98361°N 122.57194°W … Wikipedia
Sir Francis Drake, le corsaire de la reine — Titre original Sir Francis Drake The Adventures of Sir Francis Drake Genre Série historique Créateur(s) Anthony Bushell Pays d’origine … Wikipédia en Français
Sir Francis Drake Hotel San Francisco (San Francisco) — Sir Francis Drake Hotel San Francisco country: United States, city: San Francisco (City: Downtown Union Square) Sir Francis Drake Hotel San Francisco A mixture of timeless elegance and high style, the Sir Francis Drake Hotel offers luxurious… … International hotels